Bone Grafting at Von Boeckmann, DDS
Human jaw bones are healthy and strong because of the stimulation it receives from the natural teeth. When one or some of the teeth go missing from the mouth bone resorption (re-absorption, where jaw bone starts to shrink when there are no teeth in the mouth) occurs resulting in a reduction in thickness and size of the jaw bone.
Bone resorption is capable of changing the facial structure of a person. The bone grafting process is necessary to prevent bone resorption, to keep the mouth healthy and to make space for dental implants to be placed in the jaw bone.
The process of restoring the lost jaw bone or protecting the same from bone resorption should be done by a dental professional in the dental practice. Our advanced procedures have helped many people regain the lost charm in their smiles.
Bone Grafting – The Requirement and the Procedure
Dental implants are one of the best tooth restoration methods in dentistry. The jaw bone has to be thick and lengthy enough to place an implant within it. Bone grafting is done when the patient does not have a healthy jaw bone. The process builds the jaw bone to make it suitable for the placement of the implant. It takes several months for the built bone to fuse with natural bone. Sedatives and local anesthetics will be required during the bone grafting process.
Both off-the-shelf materials and your own bone can be used for the restoration of the lost jaw bone. The process involves the placement of these materials over the bone and the use of titanium screws for fixing them. The treatment may cause soreness and some discomfort in patients which may last for few days after which the gums perfectly feel normal. Bone grafting helps in maintaining the natural size of the jaw bone and allows for the placement of dental implants. The success rate of the procedure is high. Perfectly placed dental implants can enhance the benefits of the bone grafting process.
In severe cases of ridge resorption bone graft is placed to increase the ridge height and/or width.
Sinus Lift and Graft Procedure
This procedure involves elevating the sinus membrane and placing the bone graft onto the sinus floor, allowing implants to be placed in the back part of the upper jaw.
Nerve – repositioning
The mandibular nerve may need to be moved in order to make room for placement of dental implants in the lower jaw.
These procedures may be performed separately or together, depending upon the individual’s condition. There are several areas of the body which are suitable for attaining bone grafts. In the maxillofacial region, bone grafts can be taken from inside the mouth, in the area of the chin or third molar region or in the upper jaw behind the last tooth. In more extensive situations, a greater quantity of bone can be attained from the hip or the outer aspect of the tibia at the knee.
Several bone augmentation materials are available to stimulate and encourage bone growth in areas where it is lost as a result of pathological or physiological processes. Bone grafting materials can be derived from various sources
- Allograft materials derived from cadaver bone of the same species
- Autogenous material derived from the recipient’s intra-oral or extra-oral site
- Alloplastic materials are exclusively derived from synthetic sources
- Xenografts derived from the inorganic portion of animal bone
Bone Grafting will help to place larger diameter implants in ideal locations that are stable and serviceable for a long time. It also helps to establish normal volume and dimensions of bone for ideal esthetics, lip support, and phonetics.